British Journal of Nutrition (2015).
- This study (like the one above) used a mouse model of obesity with elderberry supplementation in the diet.
- Elderberry supplementation was associated with lower liver mass, reduced serum insulin levels, and lower cytokine levels including TNFα, PPARγ, and MCP1.
- Liver cholesterol was also lower.
- These markers of reduced inflammation were seen in a dose-dependent manner, where inflammation was reduced with a higher dose of elderberry.
- The authors concluded that this reduced inflammation resulted in improved metabolic disturbances present in a mouse model of obesity.