The effect of herbal remedies on the production of human inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines
The Israel Medical Association journal (2002).
- This study was led by the same authors as the study above, and did very much the same experiments. This study also evaluated Echinacea and propolis.
- In addition to observing changes in the cytokines in their previous study, they also observed an increase in IL10 (an anti-inflammatory cytokine). IL10 is known to balance the effects of TNF and other pro-inflammatory cytokines, so this suggests that elderberry balance the immune response.
- Again, this study did not include statistical analyses. This could be due to sample size.
Keywords: cytokine response